Dharma: A Path to Righteousness

Asian art

Dharma: A Path of Righteousness

Dharma: A Path of Righteousness
Dharma is a Sanskrit word which simply is a path of righteousness.

Dharma is a Sanskrit word which simply is a path of righteousnessDharma is a key concept used in HinduismBuddhism, and Jainism and has different meanings accordingly. The classical meaning of Dharma is "to hold, maintain, keep". In Hinduism, Dharma means the behavior that makes the life and universe possible with RTA, the order. It's a moral law that guides one's life when combined with spiritual discipline. Dharma in Buddhism means cosmic law and order. It is the second gem of three jewels – Buddha, Dharma, Sangha. In Buddhism, Dharma is literally applied to the teachings of Lord Buddha. In Jainism, Dharma refers to belief and teaching that leads to moral transformation of human beings.

History

According to the legends of Vedic Hinduism, the origin of Dharma came to exist from the oldest Vedic literature of Hinduism. The root of Dharma is "Dhri" which means "to support, hold, or order". It is believed that the gods created the universe and hold the earth and sun and stars apart and they support the sky distinct from the earth and keep the quaking mountains and plains in the earth. It is also believed that the gods, particularly the god Indra hold the order from disorder, maintaining the law and order that are believed to be the actions of Dharma.

"O Indra, lead us on the path of Rta, on the right path over all evils"
- Rigveda

In ancient myths as well as texts of Hinduism, Dharma meant cosmic law, rules which created the universe from the chaos. But in later Vedas, Puranas, and epics, the meaning of Dharma became more diversified, complex, and richer. Dharma holds important roles in the literature of Indian Religions and also holds the central figure in newly founded religion like Buddhism, Jainism. Dharma considered the behavior of human beings a necessity for the law and order of the Universe that encompasses duty, rights, religion.

Dharma in Hinduism

Dharma Wheel

Dharma is believed to be originated from the ancient Hindu scriptures, Vedas, and texts. It is believed that Dharma is the foundation of all human goals which refers to obligations, conduct, as well as moral duties. It is described as the moral laws of the universe and without Dharma (law of being), things cannot exist. All human beings must accept and respect so that law and order can be sustained in the world.

"Nothing is higher than Dharma. The weak overcomes the stronger by Dharma, as over a king. Truly that Dharma is the Truth (Satya); Therefore, when a man speaks the Truth, they say, "He speaks the Dharma"; and if he speaks Dharma, they say, "He speaks the Truth!" For both are one."

An ancient sage Manu prescribes 10 important rules for the observance of Dharma. They are patience, self-control, reason, forgiveness, sanctity, honesty, truthfulness, knowledge of learning, control of senses, and an absence of anger.

According to some texts of Hinduism, there exist three sources which help to discover Dharma in Hinduism. First source is to learn knowledge with the help from a teacher studying various Sanskrit literatures. Second is through observance of behavior of good and noble people. Third is when one follows his hearts and respect his own feeling.

Dharma in Buddhism

Dharma or Dhamma is one of the most important aspects of Buddhism besides Buddha and Sangha. These three aspects together are known as the three jewels of BuddhismLord Buddha gave preaching on Dharma and started the "Wheel of Dharma". There are different meanings of Dharma in Buddhism like the state of nature, the teachings provided by Lord Buddha, and collective as well as individual laws of Nature. Dhamma refers to the teachings of Buddha about the cause of suffering and pain and the path to take to end the suffering and pain.

"There is no term in Buddhist terminology wider than Dhamma. It includes not only the conditioned things and states, but also the non-conditioned, the Absolute Nirvana. There is nothing in the universe or outside, good or bad, conditioned or non-conditioned, relative or absolute, which is not included in this term."

Dharma in Jainism

According to Jain texts, nonviolence is regarded as the greatest Dharma and there is no religion which can be compared to the religion of non-violence. In Jainism, Dharma specially refers to the teachings of Jinas. Dharma has different meanings in Jainism. They are:

  1. True nature of a thing
  2. Ten Forms of Dharma
  3. Ahimsa (non-violence)
  4. Two paths of the monks and Laity.

Share this page

Our collection of statues

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

300 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

2,250 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

300 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

600 euro
Antique wooden Burmese temple

Antique wooden Burmese temple

1,250 euro
Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

175 euro
Old bronze Nepali Lokeshwor

Old bronze Nepali Lokeshwor

750 euro
Antique bronze Thai Buddha on Naga snake

Antique bronze Thai Buddha on Naga snake

1,650 euro
Antique bronze Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique bronze Burmese Mandalay Buddha

950 euro
Large antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Large antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

1,250 euro
Antique Thai bronze Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique Thai bronze Rattanakosin Buddha

300 euro
Pair antique Burmese Nat statues

Pair antique Burmese Nat statues

950 euro
High quality Nepali bronze Buddha statue

High quality Nepali bronze Buddha statue

1,300 euro
Old bronze Nepali Padmasambhava statue

Old bronze Nepali Padmasambhava statue

300 euro
Special antique bronze Shan Buddha

Special antique bronze Shan Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

950 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

275 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

700 euro
Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

850 euro
Antique bronze Thai monk statue

Antique bronze Thai monk statue

1,550 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

1,550 euro
Special Burmese crowned Buddha statue

Special Burmese crowned Buddha statue

4,250 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

1,750 euro
Early antique Burmese Buddha statue

Early antique Burmese Buddha statue

5,500 euro
Antique bronze Thai Monk statue

Antique bronze Thai Monk statue

350 euro
Special large bronze Buddha statue

Special large bronze Buddha statue

15,500 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

250 euro
Antique Burmese Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Buddha statue

125 euro
Antique Burmese crowned Buddha statue

Antique Burmese crowned Buddha statue

2,250 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

1,850 euro
arrow-right keyboard_arrow_right arrow-down keyboard_arrow_down arrow-left keyboard_arrow_left close menu search twitter facebook youtube-play linkedin envelope instagram google-plus pinterest whatsapp heart-o Wishlist share file-pdf-o printer trash