Bagan period: 1044 - 1347
Buddha statues from the Bagan period are easy to recognise because of their round face. Their expression is mostly strict and not very friendly. The body is strong and muscular. A half-circle or triangle is shown in the top of the head (Ushnisha). The urna is frequently short. At most sitting Bagan Buddha statues the dress (Sanghati) is worn around the left shoulder. At standing Buddha statues, the Sanghatiis worn around both shoulders. Many Buddha images from the Bagan period have been made of bronze, iron, sandstone or wood but the most images are located in pagodas and have been made of bricks and plaster.
Buddha statues from the Bagan period
Bagan, also called Pagan, is one of the previous capitals of Burma. It was the capital of the Pagan-kingdom. This kingdom is also been called the First Burmese Kingdom.
Even nowadays, Bagan still has the largest collection of Buddhist temples, pagodas, stupas and ruins. There are thousands of temples, many of them are still in relatively good condition. During the 1975 earthquake, many temples and stupas were damaged. Still now the consequences can be seen around Bagan area. Bagan is an important pilgrimage centre for Buddhists around the world. It is also listed as a nomination on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Site.
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Art, Architecture and Design of Burma
The image and its history
Burmese Buddhist Sculpture
The Johan Möger Collection